The Tile Hall In The Castle Of Wrisbergholzen  


Tile hall in the castle of  WrisbergholzenThe castle of the barons of Wrisbergholzen in its left wing possesses a hall, which is equipped with approx. 80O tiles since 1749.

68O of these are so-called emblem tiles, whereby each tile in the format 23x27,5 cm corresponds to a special book page in each case. On the basis of the research results of Martin Boyken and Horst Appuhn could be proven the literary collecting mains of the emblem tiles. There are four emblem books of three authors. First almost completely the " Empresas politicas " of the Spanish diplomat Diego Saavedra Fajardo (1584-1648), then the emblems of the Nurembergs physician Joachim Camerarius d.J. (1534-1598) and finally two products of the Netherlands artist and teacher of P.P. Rubens, i.e. Otto van Veen (1556-1629) "Amorum emblemata" and "Emblemata Horatiana", which is a neostoizistic book. 

EmblemflieseAs painter of the tiles, which were manufactured in the factory facing the hall, Johann Christoph Haase is determined, who died here at Oct 18 in 1749. Further painters are in particular not proven.

In contrast to the literary collecting mains the three-part emblem (slogan, picture and Epigramm) is reduced to a two-piece form. The used languages are Latin, French and Italian, refering to three areas of life, i.e. diplomacy, science and art.

Emblemfliese 2Since in Wrisbergholzen documents are missing about the orderer, the picture program and the attachment of the tiles, emergence history must be reconstructed. The emblem tiles are unique ones, intended for the hall in the castle. The hall did not serve as negotiation room with possible customers of the factory; the tiles are also not to be regarded as decoration from remaining products, but the hall served as (summery) dinner room for the baronial, after 1803 then count's family as a "emblematic mind pleasure". Idea-historically it is an expression of the life feeling of a smallnoble family in the middle of the clearing-up time period.

Special interest arouses a cycle from twelve monthly tiles, for which there is no direct literary collecting main. It might be developed as an emblematic invention, sketched in the castle itself and produced in the factory.

Emblemfliese 3In the course of the years the hall was occasionally structurally changed. Individual emblem tiles were partly destroyed particularly at a cabinet wall and at the chimney corner, partlyattached again to other places. To what extent thereby it was substantially intervened in an only outlined recognizable picture program, can be only assumed. Nevertheless the tile hall of Wrisbergholzen may be regarded as a singular example of the so-called applied except-literary emblematics, not only in Northern Germany.

Literature: Johannes Köhler, "Angewandte Emblematik im Fliesensaal von Wrisbergholzen bei Hildesheim", A. Lax publishing house Hildesheim 1988 (ISBN 3-7848.3757-3).

Note: The author of the book and the above article is also member of our association and describes - in the change with further expert club members - the tile hall on the public inspection dates specified on our homepage.

Historic map of 1589
The castle - outline with pictures
Emergence and history of the castle system
Emergence and history of the factory

Short conception of the association

The Association For the Preservation of Historic Buildings of Wrisbergholzen